International Heart Day: What is the difference between heart attack and cardiac arrest, how much time is available to save lives

New Delhi. International Heart Day: A report by an international organization named Coronary Artery Disease among Asian Indian states that in 2020, about 12 million people died due to heart diseases all over the world. In India this figure was about 40 lakh deaths. There were two reasons behind these frightening figures in India, the first reason was cardiac arrest and the second was heart attack.

In common parlance, heart attack and cardiac arrest are considered to be synonymous with each other, but this is not the case. Both have completely different meanings in medical science. On International Heart Day, let us know from Dr. Amit Mittal, Senior Cardiologist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, how a heart attack is different from a cardiac arrest. How to recognize them and how to prevent them.

heart attack
According to Dr. Amit Mittal, the heart needs oxygenated blood to function. This oxygenated blood in the heart is supplied by the coronary arteries. Due to the blockage in the coronary arteries, the blood supply stops reaching the heart muscles. Due to lack of blood, gradually the cells of the heart start dying.

As a result, the efficiency of the heart decreases over time. There comes a time, when the efficiency of the heart becomes very less than the requirement and the pressure becomes very high. In this condition the heart stops working, which in medical language is called heart attack. The chances of death increase if the disease is not recognized on time or if the treatment is not received at the right time.

cardiac arrest
Dr. Amit Mittal explains that cardiac arrest means ‘arrest of the heart’. When the heart stops working completely, it is called cardiac arrest. Now the question is why does this happen. Actually, there are channels of sodium, calcium and potassium inside the heart. Due to imbalance in these channels, the heartbeat becomes irregular, which is medically called VTBS.

In such a situation, if the patient is not given electric shock in time, then he dies. You can also understand the seriousness of this condition from the fact that if the shock is not received in time, the probability of saving the patient’s life decreases by 10 percent every minute. According to Dr. Mittal, to avoid such a situation, many devices have now come, which are implanted in high-risk patients.

How to recognize danger signals
Dr. Amit Mittal, Senior Cardiologist of Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, tells that your body gives you the sound of any kind of disease in the body. There is a need to recognize that sound at the right time. He told that the first symptom of a heart disease patient can be in the form of angina, in which you feel short of breath or chest pain during physical activity.

Actually, in this condition, the patient’s heart coronary artery blockage has happened and you need more blood flow during physical activity. During that time, due to the pressure on the heart, you may feel pain in your chest or become more breathless. If you are experiencing signs of nervousness, chest pain, breathlessness, etc., during physical activity, then you should not delay in visiting your doctor.

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