Immune cells kill bacteria : The body’s immune cells play an important role in fighting diseases, especially infections. Now its new methodology has come out in a study. It has been told that the cells of our immune system trap bacteria like spiders as prey and then swallow them. According to the news published in Dainik Jagran, this study has been done by the researchers of Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
Science Advances The knowledge of such antibacterial mechanisms in this study, published in the journal, could lead to a new way of treating microbes. Until now it was known that neutrophils are the first responder immune cells, which upon reaching the site of infection disintegrate themselves and secrete their protein and DNA content, which produces Neutrophil Extracellular Traps.
But now research led by Andrew Moteth of Wonderbilt has revealed that the neutrophil extracellular trap enhances the ability of other types of immune cell macrophages to kill bacteria as well.
According to another researcher, Eris Scar, neutrophils make spider-like webs to trap the bacteria and then the macrophagus swallows the bacteria. Both these cells ingest the bacteria and make antimicrobial peptides and enzymes to fight infection. Thus the formation of the neutrophil extracellular trap is a planned method of killing bacteria.
Bacteria can predict the future
According to another news, research from Washington University in St. Louis, US, states that bacteria can predict the future by learning from their experiences. Using computer simulations and simple theoretical models, Mikhail Tikhonov and his colleagues in a study published in eLife show how bacteria can do all this. Research has shown that bacteria can adapt themselves to a changing environment.