Essential Diagnostic Tests for Women : The human body goes through many changes from birth to old age. As we age, our metabolism and other processes slow down, leading to health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. In such a situation, getting a health checkup becomes very important. The third decade of a women’s life is an important time to balance their work life. Being juggled with work stress and countless other responsibilities can have a negative impact on health.
Indian Express.com’s Report Dr Geeta Aurangabadkar, Clinical Director, Proactive For Her, said that the best way to prevent and root out lifestyle diseases is to have annual checkups. Dr Aurangabadkar says that every woman should have five important tests at the age of 30.
Complete blood count
A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and diagnose a wide range of diseases such as anemia, infections and, in rare cases, even blood cancer. A complete blood count test measures several components of your blood, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), hemoglobin, hematocrit (Hct) and platelets.
According to Dr Aurangabadkar, “It is estimated that 52 percent of non-pregnant women of reproductive age are anemic. Closer to the age of 30, this test is usually used as a screening test to detect anemia. This can provide further clues about common nutritional deficiencies that can cause anemia, such as iron or B12. CBCs may also be used to monitor your overall health and treatment (if you are undergoing any). Goes. “
Lipid profile measures the level of specific fat molecules called lipids in the blood. Its one panel test measures a number of substances, including several types of cholesterol. This test helps to check the risk of heart disease and the health of blood vessels.
According to Dr Aurangabadkar, knowledge of lipid profile can help one to change their eating habits, diet, stress, exercise and lifestyle in a positive direction. He added that you would be surprised to know that thyroid disease and PCOS are commonly associated with adverse lipid profiles,”
Thyroid Function Test (TSH)
About 1 in 10 women in India have thyroid problem. Since the symptoms are usually slow initially and often go unnoticed for a long time, it is important to get yourself checked for thyroid problems. According to Dr. Aurangabadkar, “the most commonly reported symptoms are irregular periods, excess weight gain, hair loss or infertility,” with this simple blood test for an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) and an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism). It is necessary to get results.
According to Dr Aurangabadkar, more than one in 10 women in the age group of 35-49 years is diagnosed with diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes can be hidden for a long time without anyone’s knowledge. Diabetes can raise your blood sugar to abnormally high levels because your body is unable to produce or use insulin properly. He said that insulin is very important for the body to use blood sugar for energy.
Pap Smear Test
About one-fourth of the deaths due to cervical cancer worldwide occur in India. Pap smear is a simple screening procedure for cervical cancer and it detects the problem at an early stage. It is also used to detect changes in the cells of the cervix that may later turn into cancer and need to be monitored further.
This procedure involves examination by your gynecologist or a trained nurse, who takes a sample by gentle scraping of cells from your cervix, which is then examined under a microscope to look for abnormal cells or any infection. is examined. Women aged 30 and older may consider having this test every 5 years, which will combine a Pap smear with an HPV test (human papillomavirus).