how to prevent stroke: Today is World Stroke Day. Stroke can happen to a person of any age. Due to the changing lifestyle and stress nowadays, people between the ages of 30 to 50 are also falling prey to it. Understanding the symptoms of stroke and getting proper treatment immediately can save many lives. Consultant Neurologist at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi Dr. Anuradha Batra Has told some important things about brain stroke. Which is very important for you to know. Because at the time of stroke, even a little carelessness can endanger the life of the patient. According to Dr Anuradha, a brain attack is an emergency situation in which the blood supply to the brain is interrupted. Or else a blood vessel inside the brain bursts. In both these situations, not enough oxygen reaches the brain. As a result, the activities of the brain are unable to operate. Damage to any nerve of the brain can also kill a person suffering from paralysis of that particular organ. For example, if the nerve that runs the leg in the brain is damaged, then the legs can become paralyzed. Similarly the hand can also become paralyzed.
Nowadays it is being seen that the risk of stroke is increasing in young and middle age people. According to Dr Anuradha, the biggest reason for this is people of such age not following a healthy lifestyle. The risk of stroke also increases due to some carelessness. Like sleeping late, waking up late, not doing regular exercise, not eating food on time and eating fast food or junk food in the name of food and many types of addiction. Increasing stress in young and middle age people is also putting a bad effect on the health of the heart and mind.
Recognize symptoms with ‘BE FAST’
Doctor Anuradha believes that if the patient is admitted to a good hospital in time (within 4 hours after the stroke), then life can be saved. This is the reason why it is important to recognize the symptoms of strokes. The most important way to do this is ‘BE FAST’, it can be understood in this way.
B- Balance – The person suffering from stroke loses the balance on his body. He can neither sit nor stand properly
E-Eyes – If a person suffering from stroke suddenly starts having blurred vision in one eye or both eyes, then understand that this condition may be related to stroke.
F-Face – In the stroke, the face is turned to one side. In this, the person is not even able to smile or it happens that the face does not look straight.
A-Arms – In a stroke, the arms ie the arms become loose, and there is a problem in lifting them up. In simple language, there is no life in them.
S-Speak – In a stroke, the victim has difficulty in speaking, his tongue starts to falter.
T-Time – The most important thing in a stroke is time. In case of stroke, without wasting time, take the patient to the hospital immediately, as far as possible, take him to a hospital with good facilities. Where MRI, CT scan and better ICU facilities are there.
Precautions can avert danger
Keep blood pressure under control, high BP increases the risk of stroke. keep consulting doctor
Keep cholesterol under control, its increased level increases the chances of high BP.
Keep blood sugar under control, people with diabetes should avoid eating and drinking. Take medicine on time.
To avoid obesity, do regular exercise, eat green vegetables and fruits.
If someone in the family has already had this problem, then take all precautions, seek medical advice.
Avoid smoking and other intoxicants
CT scan and blood test are done in the initial tests for stroke. The doctor can also do MRI and angiography of the brain. The period of about 4 and a half hours after a stroke is called the Golden Hour. During this, the patient gets improved to a great extent by giving a special injection. It is also called ‘Clot Buster’ in common language.
According to Dr. Anuradha, apart from this, there is also some MRI software. Which help us to know how old the clot is. Based on that, we can do further procedures to remove the clot. At first, it is our endeavor that the clot buster is given to the patients within four and a half hours, but if it is too late, then we find out with these software and start further treatment.
In this, angiography of the arteries of the brain is done. Which is called Interventional Neuro Radiology. This angiography is a type of technique, it is better visible where the blockage is. With this you are able to try to remove this blockage.
In angioplasty, small blood clots i.e. blood clots and blockages that have accumulated in the brain can be removed through modern stents. But it is not applicable in every case and its availability is also not everywhere. At the same time, it cannot be given to the person of every age.
With the help of a special software in a modern supercomputer, knowing how much damage has been done to the brain and how much damage we can save, it is known. Prevention is very important in stroke, if you do prevention, then brain will be saved. Therefore, the actual situation is detected with the special technique (software) of MRI DPM i.e. diffusion-perfusion mismatch. Then the treatment starts. With the help of this, patients who reach the hospital late can also get benefit.
After a stroke, the help of physiotherapy is taken for those whose organs are unable to function properly. They are given muscle and joint exercises. Apart from this, speech therapy also gives relief. Stimulate the brain again to activate the organs that became useless.
type of stroke
In this type of stroke, the blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain becomes narrowed or blocked due to clotting. Blood clots are formed due to the accumulation of fat in the inner wall of the arteries of the brain. This is the most common stroke. In this condition, there is not enough blood supply to the brain, due to which the functioning of the brain comes to a standstill.
Transient ischemic stroke
When the proper amount of blood is not supplied to the brain through blood vessels, that condition is called Transient Ischemic Stroke. Many people feel some symptoms of stroke, but these symptoms go away on their own in a day or two. Such as weakness in hands and feet, problems in speech, oblique face or balance deteriorates. It is very important to recognize them. This condition is most common in cases of transient ischemic stroke (TIS). TIS warns that you should take advice from a neuro specialist soon.
Hemorrhagic stroke is also called brain hemorrhage. Brain haemorrhage is a type of stroke. Brain haemorrhage is a serious medical condition. In which the blood vessel of the brain bursts. This situation is the main cause of severe paralysis. Cases of hemorrhagic stroke are more in high BP. Brain arteries burst. It explodes inside the brain.